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Crystal Oscillator PCB Layout Guidelines

The resonance of a vibrating quartz crystal is often used in electronics to determine the oscillation frequency for timing signals in a circuit board. While there are different ways to create this timing, quartz crystals are well known for their effectiveness and stability. Like many other high-speed circuit board design aspects, the oscillator circuitry needs to be laid out with care to avoid signal integrity issues. Here are some crystal oscillator PCB layout guidelines that can help.

Fiberglass weaves like these are at the heart of many common PCB laminates

PCB Design Rules for High-Frequency Printed Circuit Boards

Personal computing devices, IoT, and many other embedded systems now require a diverse amount of electronics built onto one circuit board. These systems usually combine digital and analog circuitry running at high frequencies, creating many problems for circuit board designers if they aren’t prepared. Controlling signal and power integrity in a design is essential to avoid EMI problems that can ruin the device’s performance and cause it to fail its validation tests. Here are some PCB design rules for high-frequency layouts that can help.

PCB Beveling for Edge Connectors

Gigabit Ethernet PCB Layout Guidelines

When designing boards for GbE networking, the board must include a connector that will accept an RJ45 plug. Fortunately, all Ethernet cables have these end connectors. As GbE networking is high-speed, there are several issues to consider, which are summarized below.

component supply chain

Updates on Electronic Component Supply Shortage: What To Expect

Many initially hoped that this shortage would pass quickly, but several issues have converged, making the situation worse. The global pandemic introduced new problems into the supply chain and exacerbated the pre-existing. The important thing now is to focus on repairing the damage to move forward. Here are some updates on the electronic component supply shortage and what to expect next.

The characteristic impedance of transmission lines starts with the board stackup.

Automated Trace Routing in Printed Circuit Board Design

When autorouters were first introduced, they were often difficult to use and delivered questionable results. Because of this, auto-routing was quickly labeled as “black-box magic,” and many designers hesitated to use it. Instead, they would choose to work long hours manually routing their designs. Today’s autorouters, however, are vastly improved from their predecessors and deserve a second chance. As you will see, they can exponentially increase your productivity as a PCB designer.